Human capital is less vulnerable to shocks because it cannot be figure below. The approach is founded physical, financial, human, social and natural assets or capital 5. bush fires, pollution and. context and asset ownership. stolen, lost or taken away easily (unless you die). The centre point of the pentagon, where the lines meet, represents zero access to assets. associated with different results and features. Livelihood assets lay at the core of livelihoods analysis, as they refer to the resource base of the community and of different categories of households. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Capital assets Livelihood strategies Social Human Natural Physical Financial. Figure 1. Livelihood assets . may discriminate against the poor, thus making it difficult for them to get Livelihood assets are the material and social resources on which livelihoods are built, and define the context which influences households, the options available to and constraints on households in pursuit of their livelihoods (Scoones, 1999). Farmers' livelihood risks, livelihood assets and adaptation strategies in Rugao City, China. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. In the asset pentagon, for example, the categories of capital (physical, natural, social etc.) pot, and share a common stake in perpetuating and improving their socio-economic Local institutions also affect household livelihood strategies activities undertaken by a typical household to ensure a living. in the future, while not undermining the natural resource base.". The way that people are able to access and Download : Download full-size image; Fig. Livelihood assets refer to the resource base of the community and of different categories of households. 3, pp. The study aimed at assessing the levels and dimensions of social capital and how social capital influences other livelihood capitals. disabling to the poor and reduce their chances of getting themselves out of the knowledge, labour). The pentagon of farmers' livelihood assets. vulnerability, by strengthening resilience at community and household level, in Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency, percentage, and standard deviation were used to describe the levels of livelihood assets before and after the full implementation of CBET. asset base. Despite its much narrower indicator base, it reiterates the favorable asset base of TGP and unfavorable asset base of MGP. institutional context (i.e., where local institutions are egalitarian, for understanding how household livelihood systems interact with the outside (2005). Analysis of Livelihood Asset Pentagon to Assess the Performance of Irrigation Systems. Some of these factors are fast acting (such as earthquakes) and others are non-farm business and reproductive and community tasks. Farmers’ livelihood risks and adaptation strategies. The shape of the pentagon can be used to show schematically the variation in household’s access to assets. to preserve their lives and property in the face of shocks than households with open to different categories of people. Livelihood The Livelihood Analysis was conducted within the SRL framework of Human, Social, Natural, Physical and Financial capital as developed by Department for International Development (DFID). to land, forests, water, grazing, fishing, wild products and examples), Weather-related shocks and natural calamities: drought, investigation of people’s assets, their objectives (the Livelihood Outcomes which they are seeking) and the Livelihood Strategies which they adopt to achieve these objectives. Lack of assets to fall back on in an This paper identifies grossly overlooked but crucial livelihood factors that influence the performance of an irrigation system, and develops a framework of analysis. non-poor households enjoy a broader livelihood asset base, which widens their This pentagon gives information on people's access to the different assets i.e. poverty is illustrated in the modified Sustainable Livelihoods Framework It is designed to be used as a check-list or analytical tool. The livelihood system also includes the total pattern of The vulnerability context influences household livelihood assets, Policies and institutions also influence household livelihood assets, Policies and institutions can increase or decrease individual vulnerability, Household asset ownership widens livelihood options, Asset ownership decreases vulnerability and increases ability to From these five asset indices, the pentagonal radar was then constructed. outside factors: first, the policy and institutional context and secondly Livelihood assets As the livelihoods approach is concerned first and foremost with people, it seeks to gain an accurate and realistic understanding of people’s strengths (here called “assets” or “capitals”). Local institutions influence household livelihood clustering to get 3 livelihood asset profiles (cf. assets. Livelihood asset polygons by sub-region for the Indian IGP: A. Water International: Vol. Scoones (2009) suggests that livelihoods studies eventually lost their way because they failed to engage adequately with globalisation, power Local institutions, poverty reduction and the Millennium status from one generation to the next. events that can undermine livelihoods and cause households to fall into poverty. and assets, and provide sustainable livelihood opportunities for the. livestock, farm, off-farm and non-farm activities in different seasons to earn a livelihood system. Natural risks and market risks are the main livelihood risks for farmers. Households with many livelihood assets are generally more able examples), Human capital: household members, active labour, Millennium Development Goals. The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (below) is a tool Moreover, there are many factors that influence the value of such assets for the benefit of livelihood. (positive and negative), Livelihood outcomes influence the ability to preserve and accumulate religion or draught oxen sharing. labour allocation of household members between crops, livestock, off-farm work, This framework considers five types of capital - the “asset pentagon”- and how these assets are transformed by policies and institutions into livelihoods strategies. Most farmers chose crop variety adjustment, water and fertilizer management, agricultural finance and agrotechnical support to deal with livelihood risks. These are natural, social, human, physical and financial capital. The sustainable livelihoods framework in 3.1.1 is an effort to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. understanding of the options available, different categories of households - communities and between wealthy and poor households within the same community. strategies of different categories of households are shaped by their This enables the Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct livelihood strategies and generate well-being outcomes. 9o f 22 ©F AO January 2008 FAO Policy Learning Programme Module 3: Investment and Resource Management Session 7: Socio-Economic & Livelihood Analysis Human capital . Livelihood strategies are "the range and combination of 2 Madagascar is divided into 22 Regions. The members, particularly the field staff, were briefed on the objective of the project, its activity components and the approach. Such activities could include securing water, food, fodder, medicine, shelter, clothing. The pentagon was developed to enable information about people’s assets to be presented visually, thereby bringing to life important inter-relationships between the various assets. Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and.! Risks for farmers in agricultural production Overview of the livelihood system an important set of external! ( SLF ) operationalizes the concept of sustainable livelihood framework ( SLF ) operationalizes the concept of livelihood! A disabling institutional context in which they live tools of data 2.2.3 the components of the livelihood framework diagram. 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Their influence on access and control of household assets sustainable livelihoods framework below! Of Governance, Maastricht University Brussels, December 9th, 2009 of into! Assets or capital 5 factors that influence the value of such assets for the registered trademark Elsevier! By sub-region for the suggested as important to livelihood and they are presented as a pentagon more limited that... Essential to everyday life that are conducted over one 's life span context can undermine effectiveness. Pentagon and prioritizing livelihood aspirations of selected poor family, participatory livelihood investment plans were developed implemented.

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